Why and how does social organization shape the relationship between the environment and society?


-Mamta Dey-Subject matter expert, edumarz

Solution:Social organisation shapes the connection between the environment and society.

How and by whom natural resources can be used is determined by property relations. If the government owns forests, for example, it will be able to decide whether to lease them to wood firms or enable communities to harvest forest produce.

Private ownership of land and water sources will influence whether and under what conditions others can access these resources.

The division of labour in the manufacturing process is also linked to resource ownership and control. Men will have a different connection with natural resources than landless labourers and women. The way various social groupings interact with their surroundings is influenced by their social organisation. Varied social values and standards, as well as knowledge systems, are reflected in different connections between the environment and society. The commodification of nature has been aided by the principles that underpin capitalism, which has turned it into commodities that can be purchased and sold for profit. For example, the numerous cultural meanings of a river — its ecological, practical, spiritual, and aesthetic value – are reduced to a single set of profit and loss calculations for an entrepreneur from the selling of water. In a number of nations, socialist ideas of equality and justice have led to the seizure of lands from rich landowners and their redistribution among landless peasants. Some religious organizations think that sacred woods and species should be protected and conserved, while others believe that they should be destroyed.

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