Can you think of reasons why we should study the work of thinkers who died long ago? What could be some reasons to not study them?


-Anushree Ojha, Subject Matter Expert at Edumarz

Solution: It is necessary to study the work of intellectuals who died many years ago in order to fully comprehend the impact of their beliefs on today’s civilizations. To comprehend the communist model and its flaws, for example, one must study Karl Marx’s thoughts on capitalism and communism.

Some academic theories are still relevant in today’s communities. Max Weber’s concept of bureaucracy is a critical component of how modern societies run.

Their theories also provide numerous answers to historical social developments. The advancement of western societies in comparison to Asian societies, for example, can be understood through Max Weber’s Protestant-Ethic and the Rise of Capitalism.

Emile Durkheim’s study of “Suicide” demonstrates the distinction between sociology and psychology.

Some of the old principles may not be applicable to modern civilizations, thus studying the writings of early philosophers is not recommended. This is due to the unanticipated changes in social, economic, cultural, and technological spheres that come with the start of a new era. For example, Karl Marx’s claim that the working class would revolt against the capitalists and a new form of socialist state would arise was finally disproved, and Max Weber’s theory was eventually adopted. There are also many critics of the theory. For example, the western researchers’ notion of Indian villages as self-sufficient entities was heavily criticized by Indian scholars such as M.N. Srinivas, who believed that the villages were related to the outside world.

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