Kiarra Gaba, Blogger at Edumarz


CLAT(Common Law Admission Test) is a centralized national level entrance test held after grade 12 or higher secondary education. This centralized national-level entrance exam opens a gateway for admission into any of the 22 NLUs(National Law Universities), self-financed law colleges, and PSUs. Most PSUs like BHEL, Coal India, etc. accept the CLAT scores for the recruitment of eligible candidates for the company’s legal position.


Exam name

Common Law Admission Test



Held by

Bar Council of India, CLAT Consortium

Exam level


Exam frequency


Exam validity


Exam duration

2 hours

Exam mode 


No. of questions


Total marks




Official website


For registering for the CLAT exam the candidates are asked to visit the official website and then get themselves registered by filling in the nominal details like phone number email ID, etc. Through the details generated, login into the main page. Fill the application form by filling in personal details and uploading documents. Fill in the personal communicational details like your email ID, contact number, etc. then enter your educational details including previously scored percentile. Enter your exam center preferences according to your comfort. Mention the reservation details if required or applicable then proceed to make payment. Make sure you check the details thoroughly before submitting it completely. Make the payment online through any online source like net banking, credit/ debit card, etc.

The fee structure for the General/ OBC/PwD/NRI/PIO/OCI category is INR 4000/-.

And for the SC/ST/BPL category is INR 3500/-.



The topics/ syllabus covered under the UG exam are – 

  1. English Language
  2. Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
  3. Legal Reasoning
  4. Logical Reasoning
  5. Quantitative Techniques

  1. Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law
  2. Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law
  3. Property Law, Company Law
  4. Public International Law, Tax Law
  5. Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.

  1. Must have a class 12 degree or an equivalent degree from a reputed and well-recognized institution. 
  2. The candidate must have cleared the degree with at least a score of 45%. For the SC/ ST candidates, the minimum percentile is 40%.
  3. There is no maximum age limit for admission into undergraduate courses.

  • The candidate must hold a 3 year LLB degree or an integrated LLB degree of 5  years.
  1. They must have passed the degree with a minimum score of 50%. The minimum score for the SC/ ST candidates is 45%.
  2. For application into any postgraduate course, no maximum age limit is fixed.






Type of questions


No. of questions


Marking scheme

+1 for every right answer

-0.25 for every wrong answer


2 hours





Type of questions

MCQs and 2 essays

No. of questions

100 objective questions and 2 descriptive questions

Marking scheme

  1. +1 for every right answer
  2. -0.25 for every wrong answer
  3. 25 marks for every descriptive question


2 hours


The topics that need to be covered along with the material that needs to be thoroughly studied by the candidates would involve – 

  1. Lucent’s General Knowledge
  2. Pratiyogita Darpan
  3. Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis
  4. High School English Grammar and Composition by Wren & Martin
  5. English newspaper – The Hindu or The Indian Express
  6. Bare Acts of Indian Constitution
  7. Legal Awareness and Legal Aptitude by AP Bhardwaj
  8. Universal’s CLAT Guide
  9. Indian Constitution – Fundamental Rights, Duties, Judiciary, Parliament, Directive Principles of State Policy, Local governments
  10. Essential amendments and provisions
  11. Important judgments
  12. Current legal affairs
  13. Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by RS Aggarwal
  14. Analytical and Logical Reasoning by R.S. Aggarwal
  15. Analytical Reasoning by MK Pandey
  16. Analogies
  17. Series
  18. Seating arrangement
  19. Syllogisms
  20. Blood relations
  21. Logical sequences and matching
  22. Calendars and clocks
  23. Quantitative Aptitude by RS Aggarwal
  24. Elementary Mathematics with Numerical Ability
  25. Class 10th NCERT Textbook
  26. Newspapers – The Hindu or The Indian Express
  27. Current affairs for CLAT and legal issues
  28. Newspapers and magazine editorials and articles
  29. Ratios and proportions
  30. Basic algebra
  31. Mensuration
  32. Statistical estimation
  33. Algebra
  34. Newspapers – The Hindu or The Indian Express, etc
  35. CLAT and UPSC Civil Services current affairs
  36. Geography, history, polity, and economics through NCERT.

  1. Constitutional Law
  2. Administrative law
  3. Family law
  4. Property law
  5. Jurisprudence
  6. Criminal Law
  7. Labour and industrial law
  8. Intellectual Property Law
  9. Public international law
  10. Company law
  11. International Law
  12. Tax law
  13. Law of Contracts
  14. Environmental law
  15. Law of Torts


The list of National Law Universities in India which are a part of NLUs:

  1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore
  2. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  3. National Law Institute University, Bhopal
  4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
  5. National Law University, Jodhpur
  6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
  7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
  8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow
  9. National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
  10. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
  11. Chanakya National Law University, Patna
  12. National Law University Odisha, Cuttack
  13. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Vishakhapatnam
  14. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi
  15. National Law School and Judicial Academy, Guwahati
  16. Tamil Nadu National Law University, Trichy
  17. Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
  18. Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur
  19. Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad
  20. Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla
  21. Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur
  22. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Law University, Sonipat
  23. National Law University of Delhi


The result can be accessed by the candidates on the official website by logging in through the details generated while registering. The tie-breaker while marking the exams is that the candidates getting higher marks in the legal aptitude section will be preferred over others. If this tie continues then the elder candidate will be ranked higher than the other. In the end, if still, the tie continues then the marking will be decided by the computerized draw. 

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