Describe how neurons transmit information?


Solution – The soma or cell body is the main body of the nerve cell. It contains the nucleus of the cell as well as other structures common to living cells of all types. The genetic material of the neuron is stored inside the nucleus and it becomes actively engaged during cell-reproduction and protein synthesis. The soma also contains most of the cytoplasm (cell fluid) of the neuron. Dendrites are the branchlike specialised structures emanating from the soma. They are the receiving ends of a neuron. Their function is to receive the incoming neural impulses from adjacent neurons or directly from the sense organs. On dendrites are found specialised receptors, which become active, when signals reach in the electrochemical form it passes from soma to axon and then to dendrite and followed till the signal reaches to the destination

Leave a Reply