Describe some kinds of environment-related social change.


-Anushree Ojha, Subject Matter Expert at Edmarz

Solution : 1. The structure and shape of society have always been influenced by nature, ecology, and the physical environment.

  1. This was especially historically true, when humans were powerless to control or overcome natural forces. People living in a desert, for example, were unable to pursue settled agriculture like those found in the plains, along rivers, and so on. So the type of food they ate or the clothes they wore, the method they made a living, and their social interaction patterns were all influenced by the physical and climatic conditions of their surroundings to a considerable extent.
  2. Natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, and tidal waves (such as the December 2004 tsunami that affected Indonesia, Sri Lanka, the Andaman Islands, and parts of Tamil Nadu) can significantly alter society. These alterations are frequently irreversible, meaning that they are permanent and cannot be reversed.
  3. Throughout history, there have been several instances of natural disasters causing radical transformation and, in some cases, outright destruction of societies. Environmental or ecological variables do not have to be destructive in order to produce change; they can also be beneficial.

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