Solution :Special programmes for scheduled tribes and scheduled castes exist at the state level. Special accommodations have been created for them as a result of the widespread discrimination they have faced. The OBCs have been included in these special provisions as well.
The following laws have been enacted to abolish, prohibit, and punish caste discrimination, particularly untouchability:
(i)The Caste Disabilities Removal Act of 1850 prohibited citizens’ rights from being curtailed purely because of a change in religion or caste. It permitted Dalits to attend government schools.
(ii) The Constitution Amendment (93rd Amendment) Act of 2005, which established OBC reservations in higher education institutions.
(iii) The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989, which repealed untouchability (Article 17) and established reservation measures.
(iv)The Preventing Atrocities Act of 1989 updated and strengthened legal protections for Dalits and Adivasis.