How does reproduction help in providing stability to populations of species?


Gunpreet, Subject Matter Expert at Edumarz

Answer: Reproduction is a biological process by which each individual of species produces its offspring. These offspring are similar to their parents, biologically and genetically. There are two modes of reproduction,sexually or asexually. 

Although reproduction is not necessary to maintain the life of an organism, it is essential for the continuity of life on this planet. Thus it helps in providing stability to populations of species by producing more individuals of the same species from their parents. 

Birth and death are two essential stages or events of the life cycle of an organism. If the death rate in a particular species increases then the population of that species will become less and it disturbs the ecological balance. Thus to maintain the ecological balance, reproduction takes place among the members of the same species. If reproduction does not occur, a species may get extinct as well. 

Along with this, reproduction creates genetic variations. These can be harmful or useful for a species. Harmful variations may cause death of a particular species while useful variations help to create resistant varieties of a species and help them to survive in a particular environment. In this way, reproduction helps in the survival and stability of populations of species.

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