-Aqsa, Subject Matter Expert at Edumarz.
The size of a prokaryotic cell ranges from around 0.2 to 2 µm in diameter.
The true nucleus remains absent.
Genetic material is present in the form of nucleoid.
Nucleoplasm remains undifferentiated from the cytoplasm.
The cell organelles do not remain surrounded by any membrane.
The cell wall remains composed of cellulose, chitin, and pectin.
Cell division occurs through binary fission.
Extrachromosomal DNA is present in the cytoplasm known as plasmids.
The ribosome is present in the form of 70S.
Only asexual reproduction takes place.
No sexual exchange of genetic material takes place.
The size of a eukaryotic cell ranges from around 10 to 100 µm in diameter.
The true nucleus remains present.
Genetic material is present inside the nucleus.
Nucleoplasm remains differentiated from cytoplasm through the nuclear membrane.
The cell organelles remain surrounded by the membrane.
The cell wall is mainly composed of peptidoglycan.
Cell division usually occurs through meiosis and mitosis.
Extrachromosomal DNA is present inside mitochondria and chromoplast.
The ribosome is present in the form of 80S in the cytoplasm and on the ribosome and 70S in organelles.
Both sexual and asexual reproduction takes place.
Sexual exchange of genetic material takes place through meiosis.