How is the process of pollination different from fertilization?


Haritha,Subject Matter Expert at Edumarz


Differences between pollination and fertilization



  • It occurs outside the plants

  • It occurs inside the plants

  • Pollen grains in the anther   reaches the stigma of the ovary

  • Sperm and ovum combine to form zygote

  • Physical agents like wind, water, and insects help in this process.

  • No agents are required for this process.

  • It leads to fertilization

  • It occurs in flowering plants

  • It occurs in plants and animals

  • It occurs before fertilization

  • It takes place after pollination


It is the process by which pollen grains present in the anther transfer into the stigma. Wind, insects, and water are the physical agents that help in pollination.


Pollination is of two types:

  • Self pollination

  • Cross pollination

Self pollination

When transfer of pollen grains from anther to stigma occurs in the same plant, then it is called self pollination.

Cross pollination

Cross pollination occurs when pollen grains are transferred from the anther of one plant to the stigma of another plant.


In this process, the fusion of sperm and ovum results in the formation of a zygote. This process occurs after pollination in plants and does not require any agents.

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