Identify any town or city with which you are familiar. Find out both the history of its growth and its contemporary status



  1. Previously, Bombay was a conglomeration of seven islands highly influenced by Portuguese.
  2. In 1661, the East India Company relocated its headquarters from Surat to the Western Court of Bombay, after gaining authority from the Portuguese as a result of the marriage of a Portuguese princess to King Charles II of England.
  3. Initially, Bombay was a major exporter of cotton from Gujarat, but in the nineteenth century, it became a major port from which unrefined resources such as cotton and opium were shipped to Britain. It had grown into a large contemporary community by the end of the nineteenth century.
  4. In 1819, Bombay became the capital of the Bombay Presidency, and the growth of exchange cotton and opium drew in a slew of brokers and financiers.
  5. In 1921, Bombay had 85 cotton factories employing roughly 1,46,000 workers, of which just a fourth were Ratnagiri residents and the rest were from far away.
  6. By the mid-twentieth century, Bombay had absorbed India’s marine commerce and served as the junction point for two major railways.


  1. It is India’s largest and most densely populated metropolis, as well as the country’s commercial and financial capital. It is now referred to as India’s Fashion Capital.
  2. It is associated with the film industry and is also known as Mayapuri, which means “the city of riches.”
  3. It also attracts people from all around India these days, thanks to its style of life, the entertainment industry, and Mumbai’s growing industrialisation.
  4. Because Mumbai attracts people from all around India, its real estate market continues to expand.


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