What are some of the important forms of pollution-related environmental hazards?


-Mamta Dey, Subject matter Expert, Edumarz

Solution:In both urban and rural locations, air pollution is a major environmental issue, producing respiratory and other disorders that lead to serious sickness and death.

Emissions from factories and cars, as well as the residential burning of wood and coal, are all sources of air pollution.

Indoor pollution from cooking fires is also a significant health hazard. This is especially true in rural houses, where wood fires made of green or poorly burning wood, poorly constructed fireplaces (chulhas), and inadequate ventilation put village women in grave danger because they perform the cooking.

According to the World Health Organization, about 600,000 people died in India in 1998 as a result of (cumulative) indoor pollution-related causes, with nearly 500,000 of them dying in 1998.Water contamination is a severe problem that affects both surface and groundwater.

Domestic sewage and factory effluents are major sources, as are run-off from farms that utilize significant amounts of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.

Pollution of rivers and other bodies of water is a particularly serious issue. Noise pollution is another issue that has been the subject of court orders in several cities. Amplified loudspeakers used at religious and cultural events, political campaigns, car horns and traffic, and construction work are all examples of possible sources.

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