-Mamta Dey, Subject Matter Expert at Edmarz
Solution: Social Stratification refers to the presence of distinct social groups which are ranked one above another in terms of factors like prestige and wealth. Those who belong to a particular group or strata will have some awareness of common interests and common identity. They will share a similar lifestyle which to some degree will distinguish them from members of other social strata.
In Indian society, the caste system is one example of the social stratification system. Traditional Hindu society was divided into five main strata: four varnas of caste and a fifth group the outcast, whose members are known as untouchable.
The individuals are affected by this system of stratification because the lowest category of people is deprived of symbolic rewards and material advantages which improve the quality of life of an individual such as wealth, income, health, security in a job. However, on the other hand, the highest strata enjoy all the material benefits and symbolic rewards.