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# What is meant by ‘birth rate’ and ‘death rate’? Explain why the birth rate is relatively slow to fall while the death rate declines much faster?

Solution: Demography‘s foundational ideas are the birth and mortality rates.

The total number of births in a certain area, which can be the entire country, a state, or any territorial unit during a given period, is referred to as the birth rate.

• The crude birth rate is calculated using the following formula: Number of births = B/p x 1000 P = Population as a whole
• Because it excludes the ratio of bearing age, it is referred to as a crude birth rate.

The number of live births per thousand people in a year is known as the birth rate.

The age of marriage, infertility, climatic conditions, social conditions, religious beliefs, and education all have a substantial impact on the birth rate.

The number of fatalities per thousand people in a given year in a certain area, which can be the entire country, a state, or any other geographical entity, is known as the death /mortality rate.

The following are some of the factors that contribute to a low birth rate:

The birth rate is generally gradual, however the mortality rate may be reduced considerably more quickly for the following reasons: Public health policies and medical progress can directly control the death rate. Everyone wishes to be healthy and live a long life. Everyone accepts all medical and technical procedures with a high level of drive because of their love for life. Because it is linked to people’s attitudes, beliefs, and values, the birth rate continues to be high. The birth rate is influenced by religious views as well as other factors.