What is the difference between ‘mechanical’ and ‘organic’ solidarity?


-Anushree Ojha, Subject Matter Expert at Edumarz

Solution: According to Durkheim, every society has some values, ideas, beliefs, ways of behaving, institutions, and laws that link the community together in a single knot. Relations and togetherness or solidarity exist in society as a result of the presence of these characteristics.

He classified societies according to the sort of social solidarity that existed in them, which he defined as follows:

Mechanical Solidarity

  • It is more common in less developed societies.
  • It has a segmented structure.
  • Social ties are generally weak in this environment.
  • It is more prevalent in areas with a lower population.
  • Collective authority is absolute in it.
  • It is a really religious place.
  • It is specific and concrete.

Organic Solidarity

  • It is more common in highly developed societies.
  • Nature is well-organized.
  • The social ties are strong in this situation.
  • It exists in areas with a higher population.
  • Individual initiative has more room in this scenario.
  • It’s really secular.
  • It’s both abstract and broad.

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