Solution :Landless people’s rights are being protected by the following measures:
- Legal abolition of bonded labor: The government of India has legally eliminated the practice of bandhua mazdoor (bonded laborers) in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, the Halpati System in Gujarat, and the Jeeta System in Karnataka.
- Abolition of the Zamindari System: The Zamindars were the middlemen between the peasants and the state. This method was discontinued once the state implemented legislation that was very effective and intensive.
- Tenancy Abolition and Regulation Act:Tenancy, or the ‘Batai’ system, was discouraged by these regulations. Tenants were given land rights in West Bengal and Kerala, while CPI governments were in power.
- Enactment of the Land Ceiling Act::This act establishes a maximum amount of land that can be owned by a single person. Because of this statute, the state developed a programme to find surplus land and share it to the landless. This legislation was prompted by Binoba Bhave’s Bhoodan Yojna, however it has a number of flaws that should be addressed.
- The state should take necessary measures to improve the situation of landless people living in villages, and the entire sector should be organized.
- The state should enhance the economic conditions of villages. Villages should be well connected to the rest of the world, and job opportunities in the villages should be plentiful. To deter migration, education, health, and leisure amenities should be developed in the villages. In this time frame, MGNREGA is an effective measure.
- Land Consolidation: Instead of multiple scattered tiny fields, landowner farmers are granted one or two larger pieces of land. Consolidation can take place either voluntarily or involuntarily. As a farmer, this can result in significant efficiencies in the agricultural process.