What would happen to the life of a cell if there was no Golgi apparatus?


-Aqsa, Subject Matter Expert at Edumarz.

Solution: Golgi apparatus forms a stacked structure. It contains three main parts – cisternae, tubules, and vesicles. To understand what would happen if there was no Golgi apparatus, let’s take a look at some of the important functions of Golgi:

  • It is involved in the synthesis of polysaccharides.

  • It helps in the targeted delivery of substances such as proteins, carbohydrates, cellulose, etc., to their destination with the help of vesicles.

  • It helps in the formation of glycoprotein by combining carbohydrates with proteins.

  • It helps in the synthesis of pectins and other carbohydrates. These components are necessary for cell wall formation. Secretory vesicles of the Golgi apparatus fuse and get incorporated into the cell membrane. 

  • Golgi apparatus plays an important in plant cells as well. It helps in the deposition of pectin substances and cellulose microfibrils to form a cell plate during cell division.

  • It also secretes gum and mucilage.

  • It is associated with the storage, condensation, packaging, and transportation of various substances.

  • It also helps in the transformation of one type of membrane into another.

  • Secretory vesicles and lysosomes originate from the Golgi apparatus.

Clearly, if the Golgi apparatus disappears the above-mentioned functions will not take place. This will affect the working of cells ultimately leading to cell death.

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