Solution: Thomas Robert Malthus, an English political economist, believed that the human population grows at a far higher pace than the rate at which the means of human subsistence (land, agriculture) can develop.
He claims that while population grows in a geometric pattern, agricultural production can only expand in an arithmetic pattern.
Positive curbs on population expansion, such as famines and diseases, were, according to Malthus, unavoidable. These are nature’s solutions to the problem of maintaining a balance between food supply and population growth.
These natural inspections, he claims, are extremely unpleasant and challenging. Although raising the death rate helps to achieve a balance between population and subsistence.