Why is it difficult to define the nation? How are nation and state related in modern society?


Solution:A nation is an odd kind of group that is easy to describe but difficult to define.

  • We can characterize several nations based on shared cultural and historical institutions such as religion, language, ethnicity, history, or regional culture; but, it is difficult to come up with any defining characteristics for a nation.
  • There are exceptions and counter instances to every feasible criterion.
  • For example, many nations do not have a common language, religion, race, or other characteristics. On the other hand, many languages, faiths, and ethnicities are shared by several countries. However, this does not result in the creation of a single unified nation.

At its most basic level, a nation is a collection of communities. A nation’s citizens have a desire to be a part of the same political collective. Nations are self-contained communities with their own government.

  • There has always been a one-to-one relationship between nation and state in modern times. However, this is a novel development.
  • In the past, it was not true that a single state could represent a single nation or that each nation needed its own state.
  • For example, the Soviet Union acknowledged that the population it oversaw came from several countries.
  • Furthermore, the people that make up a nation may be citizens or inhabitants of different states. Outside of Jamaica, there are more Jamaicans than in Jamaica.

As a result, a nation is a group of people who have managed to form their own state. It’s also clear that states are becoming increasingly reliant on the argument that they represent a nation. The emergence of democracy and nationalism as main sources of political legitimacy is a feature of the modern age. This suggests that the country is the most widely recognised or valid rationale for a state, whereas the people are the nation’s ultimate source of legitimacy.

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